This marks the third in GovPredict’s analysis of the giving patterns of employees of major American corporations. After the interest shown in our first two pieces, both of which looked at major tech companies (Alphabet and Amazon, respectively), we have decided to continue analyzing tech companies, and today we study Apple.
Our process resembled the one employed for Alphabet and Amazon:
We first identified all the variants of employer name Apple employees have used on campaign filings when making contributions. In a process called deduplication, we found 119 different variants, including “Apple. IINC,” “Apple Computer Co.,” and “Apple Tech Support.”
We then looked at all of the unique committees that Apple employees had contributed to, and classified them as Democratic, Republican, or neither. The FEC supplied party tags for many, but not all, federal committees. The rest were categorized by hand. Contributions to nonpartisan city council races or to judgeships when a judge did not espouse an obviously conservative or liberal ideology were classified as “neither.” Contributions to committees which promote policies classically identified with one of the political parties, like Human Rights Campaign (D), received a party label.
Our analysis spanned from 2004 to 2018. When data for a particular source were considered from a year beginning other than 2004 because of accessibility, it is explicitly mentioned.
Contributions to federal committees were collected from the FEC bulk download; contributions to state committees were collected from each of the states’ election commission websites; contributions to local committees were collected from various municipal election websites; contributions to 527 organizations were collected from the IRS website.
- Since 2004, 95.5% of contributions by Apple employees to local committees have gone to Democrats ($83,635 versus $3,975, respectively), and 4.5% to Republicans.
- Since 2010, 91% of Apple employee contributions to state committees have gone to Democrats, and 9% to Republicans ($374,784 versus $39,224, respectively).
- Since 2014, 100% of Apple employee contributions to partisan 527 organizations have gone to Democrats
- Since 2004, 90.5% of Apple employee contributions to federal committees have gone to Democrats, and 9.5% to Republicans ($5,168,070 versus $544,154, respectively).
In total, 91% of Apple employee contributions have gone to Democrats, and 9% to Republicans.
Top candidates and committees
Here are the candidates and committees that have been the largest recipients of employee contributions:
Donald Trump has received $6,786 in total from Apple employees. To put this amount in context, State Senator Scott Wiener, the Montana Democratic Party, Jill Stein, and the Franken Recount Fund received more in campaign contributions than Donald Trump from Apple employees.
*Kamala Harris received contributions as an Attorney General candidate in California, as a District Attorney candidate in the City and County of San Francisco, and as a Senate candidate from California.
*Dominic Rapini contributed $49,920 to his own campaign and singlehandedly represents over 50% of Apple employees’ contributions to Republican candidates in the 2018 cycle.
|Democratic National Committee||$681,123|
|Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee||$116,972|
|Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee||$70,041|
|Republican National Committee||$31,778|
|Americans for Responsible Solutions||$30,600|
Emily’s List is dedicated to electing pro-choice, Democratic female candidates. Americans for Responsible Solutions is a SuperPAC that advocates for gun control. MoveOn.Org is a progressive public policy advocacy organization.
Of the 1,380 committees that were categorized as Republican or Democratic oriented, 1,104 were Democratic and 276 were Republican.
Here are recent presidential candidates and how much they received from Apple employees:
|Presidential Candidate||Total Receipts|
As in our recent Amazon analysis, there is a pronounced regional difference in propensity to give to Republicans or Democrats. Among Apple employees living outside of California, 74% contributed to Democrats and 26% to Republicans. Among California residents, including those working at the headquarters in Cupertino, CA, the percentage given to Democrats exceeds 90%.
Of the top 100 committee recipients of Apple employees’ contributions, 5 are Republican and 95 are Democratic. Here are the top candidate recipients:
*Dominic Rapini is primarily self funded.
Here are the non-candidate committees that received the most in aggregate from Apple employees.
|Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee||$19,350|
|Democratic National Committee||$12,310|
When looking at all committees, the top grossing Republican committee other than Dominic Rapini’s campaign committee is the Republican National Committee, which has received $2,678, making it the 71st highest receiving committee in the ’18 cycle from Apple employees.
Tune back in next week for our next installment. We’ll begin covering companies in the oil and gas sector.